Dr. P. R. Swarup, Director General, Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC) and the Chairman of the Indian Society for Trenchless Technology (INDSTT) shares his views with CE&CR on the new opportunity and technology introduced by CIDC and current CE industry situation.
C&CR: What are the initiatives taken by the CIDC for the development of the Construction Industry?
Dr. P. R. Swarup:
CIDC’s notable initiatives for the development of the construction industry are: - Skill development at all levels – Workers, Supervisors, Diploma, Degree, M. Tech & PhD programs are jointly offered with universities. Association of National Universities (Sandip University, Rajasthan Technical University, Gujarat Technological University, Rajiv Gandhi Prodyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Periyar Maniammai University, Singhania University, Teerthankar Mahaveer University & IGNOU), and their active involvement in all the stages of our programmes. - Setting up of On-site and off-site Training Centres: One of the major initiatives of CIDC is to set up training facilities for various trades of construction & related sectors, all over India and abroad. Various State Govts. (Haryana, MP, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Tamilnadu etc.) signed MoU with CIDC for skill development of human resources & placement of un-employed youth in their state in construction sector. CIDC has entered into an MOU with NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling) to jointly train and certify “Workers and Supervisors through NIOS-CIDC certification”. - Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): CIDC actively pursues the agenda for rehabilitation of Project Affected Persons. Our patrons for such programmes include GMR Foundation, Mittal- HPCL, Teesta Urja, Reliance Power etc. Our Construction Trades Training expertise and resources are customized for increasing the capacity of skilled human resources for the Construction Industry. This training empowers them with skills and enables liveli hoods generation and creation of a dedicated construction workforce for nation building. - EDPs (Executive Development Programs These programmes help Executives to prepare themselves for bigger challenges in their career and enhance their performance in the challenging global business environment. Executive Development Programmes conducted by CIDC are delivered on a continual learning philosophy and are ideal for working executives and entrepreneurs who are hard pressed for time and find it difficult to enrol for regular long duration programmes. Inclusion of a prequalification condition in NHAI’s tender documents stating a minimum of 5% of trained and certified workers to be employed to be eligible for any of the bid invited by NHAI has been made. Contract Clause has been introduced by Military Engineering Services for the Mandatory Employment of 25% trained and certified workforce in all contracts. CPWD, Delhi PWD, DMRC, Engineering Projects (I) Ltd., ONGC & various other PSUs have introduced contract clause 19K making it mandatory for the contractor to deploy not less than 20% of total skilled/semi skilled workers in each trade, at any stage of work. Govt. of Andhra Pradesh (vide G.O.Ms.No.61 dated 11-04-2000 issued by Transport, Road & Buildings (R.III) Department) has introduced a voluntary cess of 0.25% to be deducted from the bill of all the civil contractors; this amount is used for training and certification activities of construction workers. Ministry of Labour (vide Office Order Ref No. DGET-17/1/5/2001-PCT (Pt) dated 08/05/2003) has authorized CIDC as the nodal agency for certification of construction workers under their scheme of “Certification of skills of workers in the Informal Sector” during 10th Five Year Plan.

Generic placeholder image Dr. P. R. Swarup
Director General
- Contract Management Services: To eliminate the time and cost overrun in construction project execution, Contract Management Systems developed by CIDC were well adopted by Ministry of Statistics, Planning and Programme Implementation and issued a set of guide lines on Contract Management System and harmonized bidding condition for domestic Construction Contracts on November 7, 2001. Since then CIDC is helping project authorities to revamp their contract management systems.
CE&CR: What special activities are taken up/promoted by the CIDC towards Make in India initiative of the Government?
CIDC is relentlessly working towards National Schemes like “Make in India”, “Skilling India”, “Swachh Bharat” etc. CIDC is approaching various Industry, State Government, Departments and PSUs for following: 1. Construction of Toilets in rural hinterland.
2. Training and Human Resource Development programmes for Senior Administrative and Technical Officers.
3. Manpower planning studies / Strategy formulation including business process reviews / Detailed Design and project preparation.
4. Testing, Certification and Training of Unskilled Workers engaged in construction activities.
5. Procurement Process Review and streamlining — Preparation of standard contract clauses/Works Manuals-amendment to existing chapters and documents.
6. Development of Construction cost indices / Schedule of rates / preparation and provision for its revision.
7. Independent Quality Assurance of Construction
8. Project Management Consultancy.
9. System for monitoring, quality checking and evaluation of work done
10. Organizing Seminars / Workshops for all stakeholders
CE&CR: What do you foresee as the growth of the Construction Industry in the next five years in India? In what aspects will the industry develop?
In next few years -nature of construction will change a lot, like more automation will come into force, output per person is bound to increase, quality of training of personnel required will be very high and facilities will be required to provide required skills, which is slightly lacking in our country. CE&CR: How are you achieving Skill Development in the construction field?
CIDC is approaching various Union Government departments, State Government, Departments, PSUs, academia and industry for achieving skill development in the construction industry through its various programs. Like: 1. On-site testing, training & Certification of construction workers
2. Skill upgrading of supervisors & managers.
3. Skilling the Project affected persons / un-employed youth of India under Corporate Social Responsibility scheme.
4. Week-end Diploma, Degree, M. Tech & PhD programs, jointly offered with universities.
CE&CR: When was the Vishwakarma Awards constituted? How has this helped the Indian Construction Industry?
The Vishwakarma Awards, inspired by the spirit of construction and creation patronized by Lord Vishwakarma, the ruling deity of the Construction practices in India were launched in the year 2009. Objective of these awards is to recognize and honour the valuable contributions and work of Indian Construction Fraternity that has significantly enriched the construction domain and has helped bring about a change in our construction practices. The awards are an embodiment of encouraging truly successful efforts from individuals and organizations that have made a mark on the present Indian Construction Industry in terms of delivering better outputs, processes and creating higher benchmarks for construction industry to help in nation building. The process of due diligence for the awards, indeed a robust one never deterred the enthusiasm of the awardees who are always eager to imbibe the suggestions of evaluators for continual improvement and give importance for follow-up visits to guide the awardees on a path of constant excellence. CE&CR: What is the impact of Demonetisation and GST on the Construction Industry?
The industry has a large component in projects, which runs on Cash, for example Payments to labour (who live day to day) or many petty unexpected expenses. The sudden demonetisation had the effect of Labour leaving sites overnight, leaving projects unmanned. In the medium run, average cost of labour will increase due to compliance costs and thus will the cost of projects. Overall, the effect is aimed to be positive. If some of the glitches & rates are reviewed the effect is likely to be highly positive. CE&CR: Has CIDC considered environmental concerns in construction?
Yes. CIDC Vishwakarma Awards has a special category for “Health, Safety & Environment” in construction industry. Several Metro Corporations & DFFCIL have made it mandatory to have SHE personnel trained by CIDC. CE&CR: Any other views you would like to share with our readers?
CIDC is now taking up a major initiative of training engineering students. CIDC is a member of the apex Indian Engineering Guild, Engineering Council of India (ECI), which is created for professionalization of Engineering Operations. Recently ECI has entered an MoU for conducting internships with Indian Government Technical Education Regulator, AICTE (http://www.aictindia.org/downloads/eci.pdf). This MoU authorises ECI and its member associations to provide compulsory internships to students of AICTE approved programmes. Total number of candidates for these training programmes are close to 2.5 million each year. It is a giant step, and CIDC, jointly with other 31 technical societies / associations, would be contributing its bit in this major national training initiative by providing some of these trainings in construction sector. AICTE has made the “Internship” component mandatory for graduating engineers & management students from session 2017-18, to obtain their degrees. It is a giant step to make country’s youth employable and strengthen them economically by providing them a meaningful, industry relevant, skill based training, to help engineers/ technologists acquire necessary skills through internship and training. It is essential to develop young technical professionals with required proficiency and skills to meet the needs of industry and infrastructure development. Through internship programmes CIDC is trying to develop integration between academia and industry to reduce un-employability of young personnel. CE&CR: A few words about CE&CR as your regular companion.
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