A Commitment To Develop Expressways
Awanish Kumar Awasthi
Chief Executive Officer
Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority
and Additional Chief Secretary, UP
Awanish Kumar Awasthi (Additional Chief Secretary, UP), CEO, Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority, shares his views with Civil Engineering and Construction Review, on the role of a nodal agency, which is working on the entire dream projects of the Uttar Pradesh Government.
Civil Engineering and Construction Review: CE&CR is joyous to know that the projects under UPEIDA are progressing at a satisfactory speed. Can you give us a brief overview of the projects currently in process?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: UP Expressways Industrial Development Authority (UPEIDA) has been entrusted with the development of Expressway Projects in Uttar Pradesh. The major Expressway Projects under UPEIDA are as under:
- Agra - Lucknow Access Controlled 06-lane (Expandable to
08-lane) Expressway (Greenfield). The project has been completed.
- Purvanchal Access Controlled 06-lane (Expandable to
08-lane) Expressway (Greenfield) The project is in progress.
- Bundelkhand Access Controlled 04-lane (Expandable to
06-lane) Expressway (Greenfield). The project is under process for implementation.
- Gorakhpur Link Access Controlled 04 - lane (Expandable to
06-lane) Expressway (Greenfield). The project is under process for implementation.
Projects Under Progress:
Purvanchal Expressway: Purvanchal Expressway originates from NH 731 (Lucknow Sultanpur Road) near village Chandsarai in District Lucknow and passes through Districts Barabanki, Amethi, Sultanpur, Faizabad, Ambedkarnagar, Azamgarh, Mau and ends at NH-31 near village Haidariya in District Ghazipur. It is an access controlled expressway with limited entry/exit points at interchange locations only. The total length of the Expressway is 340.824 km. The main carriageway of the Expressway is 06 lanes wide, which is expandable to 08 lanes and to facilitate the expansion to 08 lanes the structures are being constructed 08-lane wide. The width of ROW of expressway is 120 m to accommodate service road and future expansion of expressway. The Expressway has been divided into 08 packages for the purpose of construction.
The construction of the project has commenced on 10.10.2018. The construction work is accelerating in all the packages. Clearing and Grubbing has been completed in 89.33% of the project length while approximately 2.34 Crore Cubic metre Earthwork (32.24%) has been accomplished. On this Expressway there are 18 Flyovers,
11 Interchanges, 07 Major Bridges, 112 Minor Bridges, 05 Viaducts, 489 Culverts and 220 underpasses on the main carriageway of Expressway.
Service road has been provided in a staggered manner all along the expressway, except at Major Bridges & ROBs, for the convenience of local populace. The local populace will be able to access the main expressway through the Service Road via interchanges.
There is provision for Rain Water Harvesting by providing Rain Water Harvesting structures at 500 m interval on both sides of expressway. For safety and security of traffic, state of the art “Advanced Traffic Management System” shall be provided on the expressway. A total no. of 08 Wayside Amenity areas are planned for development on PPP mode along the expressway for which land has been acquired by UPEIDA.
The completion of expressway as per agreement is to be done in 36 months while efforts are being made to complete the work of main carriageway in 24 months.
Bundelkhand Expressway: Bundelkhand Expressway will connect Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh with New Delhi by an express corridor. This expressway will originate near Chitrakoot about 03 km from Bharatkoop at ‘T’ junction of Jhansi-Prayagraj National Highway-35/76. The expressway will traverse through Distt. Chitrakoot, Banda, Mahoba, Jalaun, Hamirpur, Auraiyya and terminate on Agra- Lucknow Expressway, 16 km East of Etawah-Bewar Road (NH-91) near village Kudrail in Distt. Etawah. The total length of Expressway is 296.264 km. This expressway shall be 04-Lane wide (Expandable to 06-Lane) with Access Control. The structures will be constructed 06 lane wide for future expansion of expressway. The process for invitation of bids is under progress.
Gorakhpur Link Expressway: Gorakhpur Link Expressway will connect Gorakhpur with the Purvanchal Expressway to facilitate development of Gorakhpur region. This expressway shall be 04-Lane wide (Expandable to 06-Lane) with Access Control. The structures will be constructed 06 lane wide for future expansion of expressway. This expressway will originate from Gorakhpur Bypass (National Highway-27) near village Jaitpur and will end at Purvanchal Expressway Ch. 190+855 near village Salarpur in Distt. Azamgarh. The expressway will traverse through Distt. Gorakhpur, Sant Kabir Nagar, Ambedkar Nagar and Azamgarh. The total length of Expressway is 91.352 km. The process for invitation of bids is under progress.
Ganga Expressway (Phase-1): Ganga Expressway (Phase-1) will start from the junction of proposed Outer Ring Road of Meerut junction with State Highway-78 and end at village Malawan Khurd (Distt. Prayagraj on Jhusi-Sahson Road). The Expressway will traverse through Distt. Meerut, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Bulandshahar, Badaun, Shahjahanpur, Farukkhabad, Hardoi, Kannauj, Unnao, Raebareli, Pratapgarh and Prayagraj. The approx length of expressway is 596 km. This expressway will be 04-lane wide (Expandable to 06-Lane) with Access Control. Process for engagement of Project Development Consultant (PDC) is underway.
Agra-Lucknow Expressway: Agra-Lucknow Expressway is a 302.222 km long 6-Lane (Expandable to 08 lane) Access Controlled (Greenfield) Expressway with 08-lane wide structures for future expansion of the expressway to 08 lane. The expressway starts at Agra inner ring road, passes through Firozabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Auraiyya, Kannauj, Kanpur Nagar, Hardoi, Unnao distt. and ends on SH-40 in Lucknow. It has facilitated a high speed corridor, connecting state capital Lucknow to Agra in western Uttar Pradesh and further to the National Capital, New Delhi through Yamuna Expressway. The travel time between Agra and Lucknow has reduced considerably to 03 hrs and further to New Delhi via Yamuna Expressway to 5½ hrs. The reduction in travel time has resulted in substantial saving in consumption of fuel and reduction in carbon footprint. Interchanges for exit/entry into expressway have been provided where major roads are crossing the expressway. Service road has been provided in a staggered manner all along the expressway, except at Major Bridges & ROB locations, for the convenience of local populace. UPEIDA has deployed 10 Innova cars with 120 ex-servicemen for round the clock patrolling of expressway and providing help to accident victims. In addition to this, the police department has also deployed 27 Dial-100 Vans for patrolling of expressway. 04 Ambulances have been deployed by UPEIDA for help to accident victims. The toll collection agency has additionally deployed 10 patrolling vehicles and 05 ambulances from their side. For safety and security of traffic, the process for implementation of state of the art “Advanced Traffic Management System” is underway. In the first phase 76 Emergency call boxes (ECB) at every 04 km, 50 CCTV cameras and 10 speed & number plate detection radar cameras under Automatic Number Plate Recognition System (ANPR) are being installed on the expressway. The ATMS is expected to be operational in a couple of months.
CE&CR: What were the various engineering challenges faced by UPEIDA? How were they overcome?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: Various engineering challenges were faced in the execution of Agra-Lucknow Expressway in view of planning, timely arrangement and management of massive quantities of material required for construction as also arrangement of plants and machineries and skilled, unskilled technical staff for execution and supervision of construction work. No wonder that the Main Carriageway of Agra-Lucknow Expressway was completed and opened to light vehicular traffic in only 24 months against the contractual time period of completion for 36 months. The construction of bridges over river Ganga & Yamuna was completed in short duration of 24 months by keeping the work going during rainy season in High flood conditions also. Notwithstanding the fact that 04-lane wide heavy segmental girders were launched on the carriageways of expressway that day, for the first time in India. For construction of durable and high quality pavement Mathura refinery of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. was persuaded to install VG grade-40 bitumen facility at Mathura refinery in UP. Similar efforts of meticulous planning, arrangement and allocation of required resources are being made by the contractors of Purvanchal Expressway Project also by planning and mobilizing men, material & machinery and doing the construction work round the clock with the aim to complete the Main Carriageway of Purvanchal Expressway in 22 to 24 months duration.
CE&CR: How are you planning to implement green initiatives to bring energy conservation awareness?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: We are planning to implement green initiatives to bring energy conservation awareness -
- For all UPEIDA Projects prior approval of State Environment Impact Assessment Authority for Environmental Clearance is obtained.
- For all UPEIDA Projects prior approval of Govt. of India for using Forest Land for Non Forestry purpose is obtained.
- Equivalent non Forest Land is given to Forest Department in lieu of the Forest Land being used for UPEIDA Projects.
- Cost of Plantation and maintenance thereof for ten years on such non Forest Land being made available to Forest Department by UPEIDA.
- UPEIDA also plants trees on the median and as avenue plantation on the Expressways as per the specifications of IRC and as per the guide lines of Govt. of India.
- UPEIDA also regularly maintains such plantations for subsequent years.
- UPEIDA regularly monitors the pollution levels along the Expressways according to norms.
- STPs and other pollution control measures have been installed at important locations along the Expressways, where ever needed.
CE&CR: What do you think, is the present Government committed enough to take all Projects, which are at the conceptual stage now, to their completion?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: Yes, the commitment of the present Government for all the Expressway Projects, whether at conceptual stage or at various stages of progress, is total and complete. It is reflected in the following -
Fast decisions on Project Approvals at the level of Cabinet of Ministers as much as at various departmental levels, be it the Department of Infrastructure & Industrial Development or Finance Department or Planning Department or Law Department or any other department and, even, at the level of our Chief Secretary who is the chairman of the Committee of Secretaries assigned for technical, financial or procedural matters.
Close monitoring of the Progress of the Projects by the Chief Secretary and higher levels in the Government.
Financial Commitments for –
- Initial expenses and capital amount out of budgetary provisions
- Approvals for loans from Financial Institutions and Banks for Land Acquisition and Civil Construction works
- Provision of margin money amount required against the loan
- Provision of shortfall or escalation in capital expenditure over and above the loan from Financial Institutions and Banks budgetary provisions
- Provision of Government Guarantee to facilitate the loan
- Commitment to meet the shortfall at any stage in the revenue of UPEIDA, if any, through Toll Collection etc against the debt servicing requirements including the interest and instalments of principal amount
Financial Support provided by the present State Government for various Projects since April 2017 till date -
* Agra-Lucknow Expressway Project is almost completed with total capital expenditure of `13,214 crore against the approved Project Cost of `14,193 crore, thus recording a net project saving of `979 crore.
CE&CR: What is UPEIDA’s role in improving construction quality and construction processes in Uttar Pradesh?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: Steps taken for improvement of construction quality and construction processes. The construction of expressways is done with strict adherence to the standards and specifications defined in IRC codes, Manuals, Guidelines and as per MoRTH Specifications. UPEIDA has executed Agra- Lucknow Expressway Project in record time with high quality standards. The ongoing Purvanchal Expressway Project is also being executed with strict adherence to highest quality standards. The high standard of construction quality set by UPEIDA has inspired other construction agencies in the state of Uttar Pradesh to construct quality roads that are durable and have good riding quality.
CE&CR: Would you like to highlight any unique aspect(s) of all the projects mentioned throughout?
Awanish Kumar Awasthi: The highlights are the following:
- An Airstrip (Length-Approx 3.3 km) has been constructed on Agra-Lucknow Expressway for landing/takeoff of IAF aircraft during emergency. Similar provision near Kurebhar in District Faizabad has been made for airstrip on Purvanchal Expressway Project also.
- The expressways developed/being developed by UPEIDA are access controlled with limited entry/exit points at interchanges only. This facilitates movement of vehicles at fast speed thereby resulting in saving in journey time, consumption of fuel in vehicles and reduction in carbon footprint.
- Expansive Wayside Amenities in approx 10 ha land, have been developed at 04 locations on Agra-Lucknow Expressway with facility of food court, motels, fuel station and other essentials for the users of expressway. Provision for development of Wayside Amenities on PPP mode has also been made for Purvanchal Expressway.
- For safety and security of traffic on Agra-Lucknow Expressway, Automatic Traffic Management System (ATMS) including Automatic Number Plate Recognition System (ANPR) with speed recording radar cameras, PTZ cameras and Emergency Call boxes is soon to be implemented on Agra-Lucknow Expressway. ATMS shall also be provided on Purvanchal Expressway and other expressway projects to be developed by UPEIDA.
- Solar Power Farms have been developed at toll plaza, interchange, Wayside Amenities and near some major bridge locations along Agra-Lucknow expressway for generation of solar power to fulfil requirement of electricity for the purpose of lighting.
- Service road has been provided in a staggered manner all along Agra-Lucknow expressway, except at Major Bridges & ROBs, for the convenience of local populace. The local populace is able to access the main expressway through the Service Road via interchanges. Similar provision for development of service road has also been made for Purvanchal Expressway and other proposed expressway projects of UPEIDA.
- There are arrangements for rain water harvesting by providing Rain Water Harvesting structures at 500 m interval on both sides of Agra-Lucknow Expressway. Similar provision has also been made for Purvanchal Expressway.
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